Are you familiar with the image formats you have been using for years to save, edit, or copy images? Each photo file has its advantages and disadvantages. You will not only save a file simply because you want it to be in .jpeg extension. There are reasons why different formats of images are made, particularly concerning their appropriate applications.
Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG). This is apparently the most popular image format. Nonetheless, it is described lossy. This implies that choosing JPEG will reduce much information from the original photo. The file format has the purpose of keeping the photo’s size smaller while compromising quality.
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). The file format is also a popular extension. It was made for desktop publishing by Aldus. Afterwards, Adobe Systems took control of it eight years ago. Many use TIFF for photography, graphic design, and publishing purposes. The image format is high quality, very flexible, and could be saved inclusive of layers. However, it consumes a lot of space in your hard disk and causes longer transfer period.
Graphics Interchange Format (GIF). This is a lossless image file format, and also known as raster file. It guarantees small file size, supports transparency, best for few colors, and accepts animation effects among others. The drawback of using GIF is the limited 256-color support. You are advised not to use it for colourful photos.
Windows Bitmap (BMP). This is a file format that you will find in operating systems of Microsoft Windows. Generally, BMPs are uncompressed and large in size. You can ensure high quality, color richness, Windows programs compatibility, and simplicity. You may also term BMP as paint or raster images. Still, you will not find this image file format friendly since it has a very large size and does not scale properly.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG). Next to JPEG, this file format may take the second place for most popular image extension. It is also considered a lossless and raster photo format. Although it is lossless, it does not eliminate other information from the original image. Moreover, it allows animation and transparency. Nonetheless, it is not advantageous since it has a big size and not commonly supported.
The aforementioned facts may or may not have been improved at present. It could be possible that there may be better sustainability development for the image formats that will eliminate their flaws.